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The eruptions that caused the lunar maria got their heat source from tidal heating: warmth caused by the slight warping of the Moon as it makes its way around the gravity well of the Earth.Over millions of years, this heat can build up underground until it is sufficient to trigger a volcanic eruption.means "seas" in Latin, and the lunar maria have their name due to their ocean-like appearance in contrast to the lighter spots on the Moon.Despite the name, they are are not water though, just a darker type of rock.The Moon is completely devoid of any liquid moisture whatsoever, although scientists do believe there may be water molecules present in some locations.The first mission to land a man on the Moon, Apollo 11, landed in a minor lunar mare, the Sea of Tranquility, and the lower stage of the lunar module is still there today.In comparison to terrestrial volcanoes (blue) those on Mars (red) have a greater volume and duration, but much lower eruption rates.

These images illustrate that the nakhlite meteorites are igneous rocks, dominated by euhedral augite crystals set in a fine-grained mesostasis.Blue ellipses denote plateau steps that were included in the isochron regression, white ellipses are outliers from the low-temperature steps that were excluded from the isochron analysis, and the red lines indicate the 2σ uncertainty envelope Ar (Fig. 2), indicating that the Ar-systematics have been relatively undisturbed.Three aliquots (Lafayette aliquot 02, MIL 03346 aliquot 2 and Yamato 000593 aliquot 3) yielded plateau segments containing between 52 and 59% Ar released, we are confident that these three aliquots also record eruption ages. Two of the three aliquots, however, yielded 11 and 13 contiguous steps (ca.A non-radiogenic trapped , with most volcanoes being active along divergent and convergent plate boundaries.A small proportion of terrestrial volcanoes are fed by mantle plumes—highly localized upwellings of abnormally hot rock that ascend from deep within the mantle and undergo partial melting at relatively shallow depths) are located in the Tharsis and Elysium regions, with the largest volcano, the 600 km wide Olympus Mons, rising more than 21 km above the surrounding plains.

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