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However, there is strong evidence which suggests that radioactive decay may have been greatly accelerated in the unobservable past.We must also assume that the ratio of C-12 to C-14 in the atmosphere has remained constant throughout the unobservable past (so we can know what the ratio was at the time of the specimen's death).It is naturally unstable and so it will spontaneously decay back into N-14 after a period of time.
And in another effort to calculate the age of the planet, scientists turned to the rocks that cover its surface.
It takes another 5,730 for half of the remainder to decay, and then another 5,730 for half of what's left then to decay and so on.
The period of time that it takes for half of a sample to decay is called a "half-life."Radiocarbon oxidizes (that is, it combines with oxygen) and enters the biosphere through natural processes like breathing and eating.
The amount of cosmic rays penetrating the earth's atmosphere is itself affected by things like the earth's magnetic field which deflects cosmic rays.
Precise measurements taken over the last 140 years have shown a steady decay in the strength of the earth's magnetic field.